In the game each faction has a flag which is used as screen markers to identify them as well as being carried by some army units ( notably Pike Infantry, Militia, Line Infantry, Superior Line Infantry, Grenadiers, Guards and equivalent units) and flown from ships, not to mention adding to a dramatic scene like the above pic. In the game it is possible for some factions to have rebellions and revolutions. This means that government types can change (their are three types of government in the game Absolute Monarchy, Constitutional Monarchy and Republic) which often means the flag will change to reflect this too. They playable factions and their flags are:
State flag is the main flag used to identify factions on the campaign map it is also used as screen markers in both land and sea battles:
The ensign is flown at the stern of all vessels like army units there will also be a state flag screen marker above the ship. Some ships also fly mast head pennants and bigger ships will have an ensign at the stern and one on top of the main mast and mast head pennants!
Poland and Lithuania
The flag of Prussia at this time actually seems to be white with a black eagle. In the game the flag has two black stripes, which I kept as it really makes the flag. The naval ensign is based on that of the period as is the war flag. I wasn't too sure about the colours on the republic flag, as the flag of the German Empire and Weimar Republic were black, white and red. However after a little research I found out that black, yellow and red flags were used by German revolutionaries in the 19th Century so I kept the colours.
I couldn't find any reference to the flag used in the game it appears to be the royal standard with the national flag that wasn't introduced at this point, in fact the Russian Empire had no national flag at this period! So I used the current flag defaced with the Royal coat of arms. The war flag and ensign are all from the period. The pennant however is original. The revolutionary flag and pennant are the current flags of the Russian Federation. The war flag is based on the current Russian Armed forces flag. The ensign is based on the monarchist ensign but in the national colours.
came about. The war flag of the Kingdom of Spain was the cross of Burgundy symbol of the ruling dynasty at that time, and was the basis of many regimental flags in the Spanish Army like this one. The republic flags mirror the monarchy ones except without royal symbols (like crowns). The cross of Burgundy isn't used as it was/is a royal symbol.
The flag of Sweden remains practically unchanged to this day. The war flag is based on Scandinavian military colours of the period, as is the ensign with royal arms in the canton. Like Spain the Republic flags have just had monarchist symbolism removed.
AKA the Netherlands, the United Provinces is only one of two factions that start off as a republic in 1700. (the other being Venice). Again the state flag copies the national ensign. The war flag is based on regimental colours of the Batavian Republic which is the earliest I could go back for war flags. It is possible in the game for the republic to be overthrew and monarchy restored. The flag used in this case is the flag used in the game, although according to this painting of Dutch ships engaged with the Royal Navy in the Anglo-Dutch wars it appears both flags were used at the same time.
Betsy Ross flag as the state flag. The war flag is based on US regimental flags in the late 18th/early 19th century. The ensign is the Serapis flag which was an early US Navy ensign of Cpt John Paul Johns, and arguably one of the first internationally recognised US flags (although ironically enough not by congress!) I used this rather than the continental colours as the thirteen colonies flag is based on that. The pennant features a snake and the text "Don't Tread on Me" based on the first US navy jack, but also a little tradition I made up and fallowing on from the Thirteen Colonies pennant.
If the upper classes become too unhappy in the game they will rebel, if successful they will turn the United States into a monarchy. The state flag features the other early US flag by Francis Hopkins. The war flag is similar to a republic flag but red (I think its a more monarchist colour) and has a crown. The ensign is based on the US Coast Guard ensign.
Starting ProtectoratesAt the start of the game some of the major factions have protectorates. Protectorates don't have full sovereignty and give half of their national income at the end of each turn to their parent faction. Protectorates often go to war when their parent faction does. It is also possible for the parent faction to go to war with its protectorate. Most of the starting protectorates end up being peacefully annexed by their parent faction on completion of a goal in the game.
Algerian flags of the period, Barbary is one of the few minor factions that can have a revolution, the republic flags are similar but with minor distinctive differences.
Wikipedia seems to be a banner of the coat of arms rather than the actual flag used. The ensign looks like the flag of a Bond Villain, but is the flag of the period.
flag of the Crimean Tatars.
The British colonies in America which historically gave birth the USA is of course a protectorate of Great Britain. Although 13 separate colonies in the game they are one faction. The actual flag used in the game is the British red ensign, which in the game is also the ensign used by Great Britain at sea meaning the 13 colonies are in a strange predicament where the have no flag at sea! The state flag is very much the ensign used in that role, and is based on the continental colours (but with red, white and blue stripes). The war flag is based on the type of flags carried by colonial militias on America, and the most well known of which is the Gadsden flag, although historically a revolutionary flag I used it here as the colonial war flag. The pennant has the 'Don't Tread on me' snake the same as the US pendants (and thus starting the tradition) but with a different colour scheme and the Union Flag is naturally in the hoist.
Non-playable factionsNon-Playable factions are the fully independent factions at the start of the game which cannot be played as. Most are with some exceptions the minor factions at the start of the game sited mostly in Europe, that the player can war with, build relationships and alliances with and even persuade to become protectorates. Note that this section includes Native American factions as they are not playable in the main campaign although they are playable in the War-Path campaign in the game. Also there is no ensign or pennant for Native American factions as unfortunately they can't build navies.
Avar People who inhabit that region.
'Book of all kingdoms.'
Like Rohan from Lord of the Rings (that sounds like a good idea for another post) the historic flag of Hannover is a white horse. The state flag is the historic flag of Hannover while the war flag is based on that of Hannover with the horse on hind legs ready to fight.
Also based on the tribe flag although with a different colour scheme and some of the components in different places.
Knights of St John
The ruling faction of Malta, their flag is the cross of St John which was historically used by the Order of St John. The war flag features a Maltese cross. The war ensign is a St John Cross with a Maltese cross in the canton.
Shahada, with some decoration. Where the ensign is that used in the game which is the earlier flag used from 1258 -1420, while not historically accurate, I feel that a plain flag doesn't work as an ensign.
The only major faction in the game that is not playable, all the Mughal flag is based on the royal flag of the Mughals with a lion and sun.
Fort Bangalore. The Naval ensign is that which was historically used.
Pirate Faction Pirates operating from one of the islands in the Caribbean often attack trading fleets as well as raid ports and trade routes, simulating that this was the golden age of piracy. For the game to accommodate this the pirates have their own faction. The state flag and ensign of this faction is the Jolly Roger, of Calico Jack. The Pirates have a small and poorly equipped army and so providing you are able to get past their large navy it is relatively easy to conquer this faction early on in the game. The Pirate army units don't appear to carry war flags which I think is silly, if native Americans can then the Pirates should also. My war flag design is the Jolly Roger of Christopher Moody.
The flag used in the game is the flag of the Kingdom of Wurttemberg but in the period the game is set Wurttemberg was a Duchy rather than a Kingdom. The state flag and war ensign is the banner that was used during this period. The war flag features the coat of arms of the period (interestingly it appears the banner of arms only ever depicted the central arms).
Emergent FactionsEmergent factions are factions that don't exist at the start of the game but may emerge as the result of a rebellion or the collapse of one of the main factions or larger factions. If the player is not playing as the United States from 1700 then the US is an emergent faction that emerges as the result of a successful rebellion in the Thirteen Colonies, (or the territories held by the colonies at the start of the game if the 13 colonies have been absorbed into another faction normally the British).
The state flag is the historic green harp flag, that probably would have been the national flag had any of the rebellions in Ireland been successful, and was used as a de-facto national flag throughout the 19th century. The war flag features what is in my opinion the better version of the Irish harp, flanked by shamrocks and complete with the war cry "Erin Go Bragh" (Ireland Forever). The naval ensign is the blue flag with gold harp, similar to the banner of state coat of arms currently used by the Irish president. The pendant features the arms of the island's four provinces in the hoist with the green flag towards the tail.
The state flag and ensign is similar to that in the game, but with a backwards crescent which is taken from a historic Egyptian flag, which is used as a war flag.
Three Guarantees Designed by José Magdaleno Ocampo and used during the war of Independence, this is also the design of the Naval Pennant. The war ensign features four eagles one in each corner.
Naples & Sicily
Historically I could have used better flags for Naples and Sicily individually, but as the two provinces are in union the only appropriate flags are the rather ugly ones above.
The state flag of Norway is another old flag, that has been used for centuries. The war flag and ensign fallow the Scandinavian design with the royal arms in the canton.
Drapeau Carillon Sacre flag that was used by Catholic Franco-Canadians until the 1950s, and fallows the original 1902 proposal. The war flag is based on the state flag and the common design of French regimental flags in the period, and bears the Quebec coat of arms. I kept the crown on the coat of arms because in the game if Quebec becomes independent it becomes an absolute monarchy.
Scottish Covenanters in the 17th Century. The war ensign is the Scots Red ensign used by Scottish war ships before the 1707 act of union (although for practicality in the game Great Britain exists from 1700).
black flags with a sword or crossed cannons. I designed four rebel flags (both as equivalent to state flag and war flags), one for rebels in regions that have a middle eastern culture and two for regions that have European culture (I haven't come across Indian or native American rebels that don't affiliate themselves to any faction emergent or otherwise), and one other that could be randomly used. The middle eastern flag has two crossed Islamic swords and a crescent. The first European flag is red a reflection on the "clamour for reform" flag emblem on the regional control panel. It has the personification of liberty holding a sword with the slogan "liberty or death." The second European flag is based on the historic Texan "Come and Take it" flag but with the slogan "Awake! Arise or be forever fall'n" a quote from Paradise Lost by John Milton. The other flag is black with a gold star and crossed muskets.
Tutorial FactionsThese are factions that are only available in certain campaigns notably the "road to independence" campaign
When playing as the Virginian Colonists it is set before the act of union between England and Scotland. The game recognising this uses the England flag. I kept this as the state flag as I couldn't find any reference to a flag for the Colony of Virginia. I did however find a coat of arms, that I replicated on the war flag and ensign.
Cancelled FactionsThese are factions that were proposed or considered for the game but did not make it into the final product. These are included because some computer whizzes mod the game to include them.
Ireland (as a British protectorate)
St Patrick's Saltire, the ensign is the green ensign both used around the period (although a merchant ensign, in the game it is the state ensign.) There wasn't really an Irish army after the Union of England and Scotland, however for the purposes of the game it needs an army, so the war flag is a St Patrick Saltire defaced with a crowned harp, the arms of Ireland's provinces and the motto of the Illustrious order of St Patrick which was/is also used by various Irish regiments.
Khanate of Khiva
world statesman, white with a blue crescent in the canton. The war flag is actually based on a historic flag of Burka but adapted for Khiva. I think I should apologise as I think the Arabic text on the naval pennant (which is the same as the war flag) is the wrong war round.
I hope you enjoyed this post and/or the game as much as I do. Comments and queries are welcome.